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    15 COVID-19 Risk Factors

    People must be aware of COVID-19 risk factors to keep themselves away from this deadly virus. Adults of any age with any medical conditions are vulnerable and more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. Older adults are most likely to get severely affected by COVID-19. The maximum of COVID-19 deaths occurs in adults over the age of 65 years. Long-standing health issues have exposed people to an increased risk of getting affected by COVID-19. Studies have shown people are also dying from COVID-19 at young ages. People in minority groups are often young people when developing chronic medical conditions and are more likely to have more than one condition. Here are 15 COVID-19 risk factors you must know.

    COVID-19 Risk Factors

    1. Cancer

    Cancer
    Source: Healthline

    Cancer is a very deadly disease. Suffering from cancer will make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. Treatments for all types of cancer weaken your body’s ability to fight diseases. It also lowers the immune system.

    2. Chronic Kidney Disease

    Source: Healio

    Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are susceptible to get severely affected by COVID-19.

    Chronic lung diseases include

    • COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
    • Asthma (moderate-to-severe)
    • Interstitial lung disease
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Pulmonary hypertension

    Chronic lung diseases make you more susceptible to COVID-19. It may include:

    • Asthma (moderate to severe)
    • Chronic bronchitis
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    • Having damaged or scarred lung tissue like interstitial lung disease 
    • Emphysema
    • Pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs)

    3. Neurological Conditions

    Neurological Conditions
    Source: YourGenome

    A study conducted showed that COVID-19 survivors were diagnosed with neurological conditions after the infection. Having neurological conditions like dementia can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

    4. Diabetes (Type 1 Or Type 2)

    Diabetes (Type 1 Or Type 2)
    Source: News Medical

    People with diabetes (type 1 or type 2) are more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. Therefore, diabetic people must be aware of their surroundings and take utmost care.

    5. Down Syndrome

    Source: Today Show

    Down syndrome occurs when a child is born with an extra copy of the 21st chromosome. People who have Down syndrome can be more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

    6. Heart Conditions

    Heart Conditions
    Source: Medical News Today

    Having heart conditions like heart failure, cardiomyopathies, coronary artery disease, and high blood pressure (hypertension) can make you more susceptible to COVID-19.

    7. HIV Infection

    HIV Infection
    Source: Healthline

    HIV is a very deadly disease as there is no cure for this disease. Therefore, HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) can make you susceptible to get severely infected from COVID-19.

    8. Immunocompromised State (Weakened Immune System)

    Immunocompromised state (Weakened Immune System)
    Source: Protinex

    Having a weakened immune system in the body may make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19. Many medical conditions and treatments can cause a person to be immunocompromised or have a weakened immune system. 

    9. Liver Disease

    Liver Disease
    Source: Aidsmap

    Having a chronic liver disease like alcohol-related liver disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, and especially cirrhosis can make you more susceptible to COVID-19.

    10. Overweight And Obesity

    Overweight And Obesity
    Source: The Conversion

    BMI is the body mass index. Obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2 but < 40 kg/m2), overweight (BMI) > 25 kg/m2 but < 30 kg/m2), or severe obesity (BMI of ≥40 kg/m2) can make you more likely to get infected from COVID-19. The risk of severe COVID-19 infection increases sharply with elevated BMI.

    11. Pregnancy

    Pregnancy
    Source: WebMD

    Pregnant women are more susceptible to COVID-19 compared with non-pregnant people. Pregnant women need to be more careful with their lifestyle habits and their surroundings.

    12. Thalassemia

    Thalassemia
    Source: Science

    Suffering from hemoglobin blood disorders like sickle cell disease (SCD), thalassemia, etc., can make you more susceptible to get severely ill from COVID-19. Being a cigarette smoker or smoking before can make you more likely to get sick severely from COVID-19. 

    13. Solid-organ Or Blood Stem Cell Transplant

    Solid-organ Or Blood Stem Cell Transplant
    Source: Verywell Health

    Suffering from a solid organ or blood stem cell transplant, including a bone marrow transplant, can make you more likely to get infected with COVID-19.

    14. Stroke Or Cerebrovascular Disease

    Stroke Or Cerebrovascular Disease
    Source: Medical News Today

    It is a disease that affects blood flow to the brain. Having a cerebrovascular disease like having a stroke can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

    15. Substance Use Disorders

    Substance Use Disorders
    Source: Healthline

    Having a substance use disorder (alcohol, opioid, or cocaine use disorder) can make you more likely to get severely ill from COVID-19.

    Read Also: 16 Ways To Boost Immunity Against COVID-19

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